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What to do when you arrive in Belgium?

I live in Belgium

Were you abroad for more than 48 hours? The following rules apply when you are back in Belgium. Are you planning to go on a trip? Read what you need to do before you leave here.

Please note: Have you returned from a very high-risk country? Then the rules below always apply, even if you were in that country for less than 48 hours.

What should I do?

  1. You have to fill in the Passenger Location Form (PLF) within 6 months before your arrival in Belgium, even if you are fully vaccinated. The PLF must be filled in by anyone travelling directly or indirectly to Belgium, except
    • if you are staying in Belgium for less than 48 hours;
    • if you have been abroad for less than 48 hours.

ATTENTION : You must ALWAYS fill in the PLF in the following cases, whether or not you are staying in Belgium < 48 hours | you were abroad < 48 hours:

  • you are travelling to Belgium by air or by sea;
  • you are travelling to Belgium by train or bus from a country outside the EU or the Schengen area (e.g. Eurostar from the UK);
  • you have stayed in a very high risk country during the last 14 days.
  1. Check the colour code of the country you were in and/or whether this country is listed as a very high-risk country.
  2. Check which COVID certificate you have at www.covidsafe.be. In principle, you have applied for this before you left. There are three types of certificates:
  • A vaccination certificate proves that you have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. You are fully vaccinated 2 weeks after your last vaccination dose and if the vaccine is EMA-certified or Covishield. From 1 September, vaccination certificates from non-EU countries will also be accepted in Belgium under certain conditions, pending their equivalence agreement with the EU.
  • A recovery certificate shows that you have recovered from COVID-19. You have a positive PCR test result no older than 180 days and you no longer need to isolate.
  • A test certificate is proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test result that is less than 72 hours old or RAT test result that is taken the day before or the day of arrival.

Testing or quarantine

The PLF will take the last 14 days into account when determining quarantine, also when the zone changes colour.

  • Note: testing in the context of travelling can be a PCR test or a RAT (Rapid Antigen Test). A PCR test is valid for 72 hours. A RAT test is valid the day of testing and the day after testing. A RAT test takes approximately 20 minutes until you have the result and can be taken at a local pharmacist. The list of pharmacies where you can take a RAT test is available online in French | Dutch
  1. Are you travelling from a green or orange zone? You do not need to get tested or quarantine.

  2. Are you travelling from a red zone in the European Union or Schengen area or from a red code white list third country?

  • Do you have a vaccination or recovery certificate? You do not need to quarantine or get tested.
  • You do not have a vaccination or recovery certificate? You do not have a recent negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old or a recent RAT test result?
    • Get tested on day 1 or 2 after you return from your trip. Did you test negative? Then you can end quarantine as soon as you get your test result.
    • Get tested again on day 7.
    • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.
  • You have a recent negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old or a recent RAT test result?
    • You don’t have to do the test on day ½
    • Get tested on day 7.
    • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.
  1. Are you travelling from a red zone outside the European Union or Schengen area?
  • You have a vaccination certificate?
    • Get tested (PCR) on day 1 after you return from your trip. Did you test negative? Then you can end quarantine as soon as you get your test result.
    • Get tested again on day 7 (PCR)
  • You don’t have a vaccination certificate? 
    • You must quarantine for 10 days. Get tested (PCR) on day 1 or 7 after you return from your trip. The quarantine may be shortened if the second test on day 7 is negative.
  • This does not apply to some countries. You can find this list at info-coronavirus.be/en/colour-codes-by-country/
  • In exceptional cases, you do not have get tested and/or quarantine. Read more here.
  • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.

Warning: For all travellers living or staying in Brussels : if you are returning from a red zone (inside or outside the EU/Schengen) AND you do not have a vaccination or recovery certificate, get tested on day 1 and 7 after your return and remain in quarantine until the result of the second test is known.

  1. Are you travelling from a very high-risk country outside the European Union or Schengen Area?
  • You are required to quarantine for 10 days. This rule applies to everyone.
  • Get tested on day 1 and day 7 after you return to Belgium. In the context of a very high risk country a RAT test is not valid, only PCR tests will be taken into account.
  • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.
  1. Are you travelling from a very high-risk country inside the European Union or Schengen Area?
  • Do you have a vaccination? You do not need to quarantine or get tested.
  • You do not have a vaccination certificate?
    • Get tested on day 1. You will remain in quarantine awaiting the result. You do not have to be tested on day 1 if you have a valid negative test, max 72 hours old, with you on arrival in Belgium. If you test positive before your trip, you may not travel.
    • Then get tested again on day 7.
    • Is one of these tests positive? You must isolate yourself for at least 10 days.
    • In the context of a very high risk country a RAT test is not valid, only PCR tests will be taken into account.
    • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.

I do not live in Belgium

You are not a Belgian resident and you are planning to stay for more than 48 hours in Belgium? The following rules apply when you are in Belgium.

What should I do?

  1. You have to fill in the Passenger Location Form (PLF) within 6 months before your arrival in Belgium, even if you are fully vaccinated. The PLF must be filled in by anyone travelling directly or indirectly to Belgium, except
    • if you are staying in Belgium for less than 48 hours;
    • if you have been abroad for less than 48 hours.

ATTENTION : You must ALWAYS fill in the PLF in the following cases, whether or not you are staying in Belgium < 48 hours | you were abroad < 48 hours:

  • you are travelling to Belgium by air or by sea;
  • you are travelling to Belgium by train or bus from a country outside the EU or the Schengen area (e.g. Eurostar from the UK);
  • you have stayed in a very high risk country during the last 14 days.
  1. Check the colour code of your country and/or whether it is listed as a very high-risk country. Please note: Have you been in a very high-risk country in the past 14 days? You are not allowed to travel to Belgium. You may only travel to Belgium if you have an essential reason in a very limited number of cases. Read more here.
  2. Check which COVID certificate you have. There are three types of certificates:
  • A vaccination certificate proves that you have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19. You are fully vaccinated 2 weeks after your last vaccination dose and if the vaccine is EMA-certified or Covishield. From 1 September, vaccination certificates from non-EU countries will also be accepted in Belgium under certain conditions, pending their equivalence agreement with the EU.

  • A recovery certificate shows that you have recovered from COVID-19. You have a positive PCR test result no older than 180 days and you no longer need to isolate.

  • A test certificate is proof of a negative COVID-19 PCR test result that is less than 72 hours old or RAT test result that is taken the day before or the day of arrival.

Testing or quarantine

The PLF will take the last 14 days into account when determining quarantine, also when the zone changes colour.

  • Note: testing in the context of travelling can be a PCR test or a RAT (Rapid Antigen Test). A PCR test is valid for 72 hours. A RAT test is valid the day of testing and the day after testing. A PCR test is valid for 72 hours. A RAT test is valid the day of testing and the day after testing. A RAT test takes approximately 20 minutes until you have the result and can be taken at a local pharmacist. The list of pharmacies where you can take a RAT test is available online in French | Dutch
  1. Are you travelling from a green or orange zone? You do not need to get tested or quarantine.
  2. Are you travelling from a red zone in the European Union or Schengen area or from red code white list third country?
  • Do you have a vaccination or recovery certificate? You do not need to quarantine or get tested.
  • You don’t have a vaccination or recovery certificate?
    • You must do a PCR test maximum 72 hours before you are in Belgium or a RAT test the day before arrival or the day of arrival. This test must be negative.
    • On arrival in Belgium you do not have to go into quarantine.
    • Get tested again on day 7.
  • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.
  1. Are you travelling from a red zone outside the European Union or Schengen area?
  • You have an EU nationality or main residence?
    • You have a vaccination certificate?
      • Get tested before your arrival in Belgium (PCR or RAT)
      • Get tested (PCR) on day 1 and 7 after you arrive in Belgium. You have to stay in quarantine until the negative result of your test on day 1.
    • You don’t have a vaccination certificate?
      • Get tested before your arrival in Belgium (PCR or RAT)
      • Get tested (PCR) on day 1 and 7 after you arrive in Belgium. You have to stay in quarantine until the negative result of your test on day 7.
  • You don’t have an EU nationality or main residence? You may only travel to Belgium for essential reasons or if you have an approved vaccination certificate with full vaccination. Read more here.
    • You have a vaccination certificate?
      • Get tested before your arrival in Belgium (PCR or RAT)
      • Get tested (PCR) on day 1 and 7 after you arrive in Belgium. You have to stay in quarantine until the negative result of your test on day 1.
    • You don’t have a vaccination certificate? You may only travel to Belgium for essential reasons. Read more here.
      • Get tested before your arrival in Belgium (PCR or RAT)
      • Get tested (PCR) on day 1 and 7 after you arrive in Belgium. You have to stay in quarantine until the negative result of your test on day 7.
  • This does not apply to some countries. You can find this list at info-coronavirus.be/en/colour-codes-by-country/
  • In exceptional cases, you do not have get tested and/or quarantine. Read more here.
  • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.

Warning: For all travellers living or staying in Brussels : if you are returning from a red zone (inside or outside the EU/Schengen) AND you do not have a vaccination or recovery certificate, get tested on day 1 and 7 after your return and remain in quarantine until the result of the second test is known.

  1. Are you travelling from a very high-risk country inside the European Union or Schengen Area?
  • Do you have a vaccination? You do not need to quarantine or get tested.
  • You do not have a vaccination certificate?
    • Get tested on day 1. You will remain in quarantine awaiting the result. You do not have to be tested on day 1 if you have a valid negative test (less than 72 hours old) with you on arrival in Belgium. If you test positive before your trip, you may not travel.
    • Then get tested again on day 7.
    • Is one of these tests positive? You must isolate yourself for at least 10 days.
    • In the context of a very high risk country a RAT test is not valid, only PCR tests will be taken into account.
  • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.
  1. Are you travelling from a very high-risk country outside the European Union or Schengen Area?
  • You are not allowed to travel to Belgium. You may only travel to Belgium in a very limited number of cases. Read more here.
  • Are you among these very limited exceptions? You must have:
    • a negative PCR test result less than 72 hours old
    • an EU Digital COVID Certificate (or one deemed equivalent by the European Commission or Belgium)
    • an attestation of this exception. Read more here.
  • You must quarantine for 10 days. This applies to everyone, even if you are fully vaccinated or have been in this country less than 48 hours. Get tested on day 1 and 7 of your stay in Belgium. In the context of a very high risk country a RAT test is not valid, only PCR tests will be taken into account.
  • Children under the age of 12 do not have to get tested, but will be quarantined when the parents are tested, pending the test results.

Attention : You are NOT allowed to travel when in quarantine or isolation. If you are in quarantine or isolation abroad, you must complete the quarantine or isolation before returning to Belgium. Only in exceptional cases and in consultation with the health authorities can this rule be deviated from.
Attention: if the police services suspect that the PLF or proof of a negative COVID-19 test have been falsified, an official report will be drawn up. This official report will be forwarded to the public prosecutor. This is considered to be a serious offence with fraudulent intent. The coronavirus strategy depends on the authenticity of these documents. A direct summons to appear before the criminal court will be issued where there is sufficient proof of fraud whilst accounting for any mitigating circumstances.